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solvers:fabric [Elmer/Ice Wiki]

Fabric Evolution - DG Fabric Solver

General Informations

  • Solver Fortran File: FabricSolve.f90
  • Solver Name: FabricSolver
  • Required Output Variable(s): Fabric
  • Required Input Variable(s): Temperature, AIFlow,
  • Optional Output Variable(s): EigenV
  • Optional Input Variable(s): Mesh Velocity

General Description

This solver solves the fabric evolution equations for the anisotropic law obtained from the AIFlow solver. In Elmer/Ice, the fabric is described using the 5 independent components of the second-order orientation tensor. The grain rotation is induced by the macroscopic strain-rate and the deviatoric stress, and their relative influence is controlled by the interaction parameter (from 0 for purely strain-induced rotation to 1 for purely stress induced rotation). To account for other phenomena than grain rotation, one can use the diffusion parameter.

The eigenvalues of the second-order orientation tensor Fabric are computed if the variable EigenV exists.

SIF contents

! Solve the equation for the orthotropic flow law
!  AIFlow Solvers
Solver 1
  Equation = AIFlow
  Variable = AIFlow
  Variable DOFs = 4                        !3 for 2D (u,v,p) -- 4 for 3D (u,v,w,p)

  Exported Variable 1 = Temperature        ! Define Temperature Mandatory!
  Exported Variable 1 DOFS = Integer 1

  Exported Variable 2 = Fabric             ! Define Fabric Variable
  Exported Variable 2 DOFS = Integer 5     ! Mandatory if Isotropic=False

! If non-linearity introduced using deviatoric stress second invariant 
  Procedure = "ElmerIceSolvers" "AIFlowSolver_nlS2"

! Fabric solver itself
Solver 2
  Equation = Fabric
  Variable = -nooutput Compfab    ! dumy variable
  Variable DOFs = 1               !FabricSolver compute each variable independently, 
                                  !Picard Type iterations

  Procedure = "ElmerIceSolvers" "FabricSolver"
  Discontinuous Galerkin = Logical True
! Material
Material 1
!!!! For Fabric Solver
  Interaction Parameter = Real 0. ! 0 => Fabric Evolution function of Strain-rates 
                                  ! 1 => Fabric Evolution function of dev stresses
                                  !If not defined set to the default value given in the Viscosity File
  Diffusion Parameter = Real 0.   ! Diffusion term. By default set to 0 if not defined

!Initial Conditions
Initial Condition 1
! Define an isotropic fabric
  Fabric 1 = Real 0.33333333333333 !a2_11
  Fabric 2 = Real 0.33333333333333 !a2_22
  Fabric 3 = Real 0.               !a2_12
  Fabric 4 = Real 0.               !a2_23
  Fabric 5 = Real 0.               !a2_13

! Boundary Conditions
Boundary Condition 1
  Target Boundaries = 1
! Dirichlet conditions for Fabric 
! only if inflow boundary condition, no condition for outflow
  Fabric 1 = Real 0.33333333333333 !a2_11
  Fabric 2 = Real 0.33333333333333 !a2_22
  Fabric 3 = Real 0.               !a2_12
  Fabric 4 = Real 0.               !a2_23
  Fabric 5 = Real 0.               !a2_13


Download an example using the Fabric Solver. TODO


  • Fabric evolution and numerical implementation within Elmer/Ice are presented in this publication:

Gillet-Chaulet F., O. Gagliardini , J. Meyssonnier, T. Zwinger and J. Ruokolainen, 2006. Flow-induced anisotropy in polar ice and related ice-sheet flow modelling. J. Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech., 134, p. 33-43.

solvers/fabric.txt · Last modified: 2014/10/07 13:23 by gag
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